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Importance of national solidarity in an Islamic democratic state
Definition of National Integration:
Importance of national solidarity in an Islamic democratic state is vital for any state. In order to understand the meaning of national integration, we must, first of all, have a clear comprehension of the terms like ‘Nation’ and Nationality The concept of ‘Nationality’ first defined in distinct terms by the Muslim historiographer and sociologist.
According to Ibn –e- Khaldun:
Ibn -e-Khaldun; he gave it the name of ‘Ame girl said that the sentiment of nationhood (Asabiya) forms the basis of civil life, anti the rise and fall of human groups greatly depends on this sentiment.
According to Modern Dictionary
Among the modern western political scientists Laski is the person who has defined ‘Nationality’ in clear terms, according to him, the feeling of nationhood ‘marks off those who share in it from the rest of mankind’. This implies that if a particular group of people develops a feeling that they are one among themselves, and the factors that make them one mark them off and separate them from the rest of humanity, the group of people turns into nationality and taking a step forward, this rationality transforms itself into a nation. (Nation is a nationality having political aspirations.)
This is a normal course, passing through which, unidentifiable groups of people gradually develop into well-defined and identifiable national groups. Members of any group of people are, generally, different from each other in many respects, and at the same time, they have certain, things in common. But for one reason or another, they are inclined to formed Reasons that separate the numbers of civil society from one another, or in other forget their differences and strengthen their bonds of unity when this happens, a nation is words, the points of difference they have, are called ‘centrifugal forces’.
These forces act like the centrifugal pump of a tube well or a fountain, which separates single stream of water following in its hose, into numerous parts and spreads it in different directions. On the contrary, the forces that attract different scattered parts towards one center and create a sense of unity among the members of a group, are called centripetal forces. If you place a magnet bar in the midst of common pins, you will easily understand what centripetal works like.
National integration and people:
A nation can survive only if the centripetal forces working within it are more powerful than the central forces working on its members. If the binding or factors forces working on its lumbers are more powerful than the disintegrating actors. or centrifugal forces, we say “national integration” is present. When the position gets visa is and centrifugal forces start to overpower or dominate the centripetal , forces, it is said that the has developed tendency to disintegrate and it is bound to disintegrate sooner or later’. his discussion leads us to the conclusion that in order to achieve the ideal of nation integration presence of all nation-forming factors (i.e. race, language, geography, religion etc.) is not required, the only thing required is that the factors that are not common or identical in the members of the group should develop a habit to make themselves willingly and voluntarily subservient to common or stronger factors of national integration.
SIGNIFICANCE OF NATIONAL INTEGRATING
National integration and language
The founders of Pakistan aimed at creating an Islamic demo state in south East Asia. The people who became a part of Pakistani nation were different from each other in many respects, they spoke different languages i.e. Urdu, Bengali, Sindhi, Balochi, Punjabi, Pushto, Siraiki and many other. They did not come of a common racial stock, they traced their descent to a number of racial groups, Some of them were the descendants of the invaders coming-from Central Asia, others of the Arabs and Turks, still others of the indigenous races. Their living patterns, their dresses, foods, desserts, households, agricultural practices, customs and traditions, poetry literature and folklore and many other things differed from each other. Inspite of all their diversity they decided to form a coherent national group, They put up a house for themselves and gave it a beautiful name; Pakistan. They resolved to live like brethren in their new home.
National integration and Islam
The strongest reason which led them to this resolution was Islam. They were all Muslims, they all faced to one Qible while offering prayers, and the Quran was the common code of life they cherished to follow. Belief in the oneness of Allah (Tauheed) had united them like one man. Their heats throbbed together in the love of Hazrat Muhammad and it ran in their blood. Islam was the paramount bond that united the, and this single bond was so strong that it overcame all the factors, that speared them form each other (i.e language, race, culture, geography etc.) They became one, and decided to remain one forever. Their vow was eternal religiously and irrevocable politically.
National integration and Pakistan
Now when we talk about national integration, we simply mean that the people of Pakistan should forget their linguistic, They should know that they are Muslims and Pakistani first and all their other identities are subservient to their Islamic identity. Pakistan is like a big picture, different language, tribes, clans, customs and traditions are like the different colour of this picture. Every colour is important in its own place, erasing it will mean spoiling the picture itself. But these colours taken apart from the picture have no existence or meaning, these are beautiful and meaningful only up till the time they are placed at their appropriate place in the picture. Removing colour from the picture will spoil goth the picture and the colour. Each colour should remain steadfast in its position as a colour and should not try to take the place of the picture.