Pakistan Ideology refers to that set of beliefs and objectives which formed the basis of the Muslim freedom struggle in South East Asia. This struggle was, of course, motivated by the Islamic faith and guided by the objective of establishing a Muslim state.
ideology is a set of ideas or norms on which the collective ideals of a community, nation or ‘millat’ are based. It also includes the sum total of principles set forth for the achievement of these common ideals. The Muslims follow the Islamic ideology, which simply means the way of life-based on the tenets of Islam.
Islamic Concept of Nationhood
The Muslims believe that by virtue of their faith, they have an identity, separate and distinct from other nations of the world. This feeling of oneness among themselves combined with the consciousness of being separate from others is called “Two Nation Theory.” Islam is a democratic way of life, and the Muslims strongly believe in the right of self-determination for all human beings.
The Two Nation Theory: Defined and Explained:
Islam was introduced in India shortly after its advent. Muslims in India grew into a sizeable community within a short span of time. The Muslim community of India guarded its identity very keenly and cautiously.
Non Muslim in sub-continent
In the sub-continent, based on the principle that the Muslims and the non-Muslims in India were separate and distinct nations and the Muslims had a desire to order their individual and collective lives according to the tenets of Islam, living as free citizens of an independent democratic state.
The area, which now forms the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, had a non-Muslim population of about 3 to 5 percent.
The religious belief of the Muslims living in the North- Western and North- Eastern regions of the Indian sub-continent was the first and the foremost motivating force behind their demand for Pakistan.
The Quaid-e-Azam (R.A) said that the demand for Pakistan was not merely a question of acquiring a piece of land; Pakistan was meant to be a laboratory for proving thee validity and truth of the Islamic principles,
Principles of Islamic State:
Elaborating the guiding principles that formed the basis of an Islamic state the Quaid-e-Azam (R.A) said:
“Fundmentally in an Islamic state, authority rests with Almighty Allah. The working of an Islamic government is conducted according to the Quranic principles and injunctions. In an state, neither its head, nor any parliament or an institution or an Quranic injunction. In an institution or an individual can act absolutely in any matter. Only the Quranic injunctions control our behavior in the society and in politics.”
System of an Islamic state is based on democratic principles, explaining this, the Quaid-e-Azam (R.A) in a radio message addressed to the people of the United States of America, said:
“The Constitution of Pakistan is yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constitution Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1300 years ago. Islam and its idealism has taught us democracy.”(Feb.1948)
SOCIAL JUSTICE, EQUALITY, AND SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY
The Quaid-e-Azam (R.A) explained the fundamental principle of an Islamic state in the following words:
“It (Islam) has taught equality of man, justice and fair play to everybody. We are the inheritors of those glorious traditions and we are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan.” (Feb.1948)
FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS
The Hindu leadership of South-East Asia can be divided into two types; the extremists and the moderates. Unfortunately the Congress was fully overpowered by the extremists at the juncture of history the British had decided to transfer power to the Indian hands. In this state of affairs, the Muslims and the other minority communities in the region started feeling that if the Indian government is entrusted to the extremist Hindu hands they will deprive the non-Hindus of their most fundamental rights.
Quaid-e-Azam and human rights:
The Quaid-e-Azam (R.A) was a great champion of human rights, addressing the first session of the first Constitution Assembly of Pakistan, the Quaid-e-Azam (R.A) said:
“…. You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to other places of worship in this state of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed…… that has nothing to do with the business of the state …… We are starting with this fundamental principle that were are all citizens, and equal citizens, of one state.” (Aug.11,1947)