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Pakistan is the only state that came into being on the bases of strong ideology. Since its establishment, it has been demanded to accomplish its basic aim.
The social or political Programme of any movement that becomes a collective objective of any nation is called Ideology.
Ideology means such an aim according to which human beings planned about their future.
The Ideology of Pakistan
The Ideology of Pakistan was the consciousness of the Muslims in the historical perspective of the South Asian sub-continent that they were a separate nation on the basis of the Islamic ideology. No doubt Islamic ideology is the base of an ideology of Pakistan so the basic fundaments of Islam are also the bases of the Ideology of Pakistan.
The ideology of Pakistan & Different Scholars
Ideology of Pakistan is defined by the different sociologist as: –
1. Syed Ali Abbas
Syed Ali Abbas former professor of history defined ideology of Pakistan as.
“Ideology of Pakistan and the Ideology of Islam have the same meaning. Actually, the ideology of Pakistan is the practical shape of the teachings of Islam.”
2. Dr. Aslam Syed
Dr. Aslam Syed defined the ideology of Pakistan as.
“Ideology of Pakistan is the name of moulding of individual and collective lives according to Islam and also of saving from conflicting ideologies.”
3. Allama Allaud-Din-Siddiqui
A well known scholar Allama Allaud-Din-Siddiqui defined ideology of Pakistan as.
“Ideology of Pakistan is the name of implementation of Islamic principles on persons. On groups & on government and Islam should be stronger than the strongest forces here”
3. QUAID-E-Azam AND IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN
Quaid-e-Azam was the liberator of the Muslim nation in Sub-Continent. He struggled for the separate state on the bases of Islamic Ideology. He himself explained this basic ideology. –
1. Foundation of Muslim Nation
Once Quaid-e-Azam said,
“Pakistan came into being the very day when the first Hindu became a Muslim.”
2. Pakistan and the Holy Quran:
In the annual meeting of 1943 at Karachi Quaid-e-Azam said while clarifying the relation of Pakistan and Islam:
“What is that relation which has made Muslim a single body? What is that rock on which the structure of the Muslim Nation is restored? What is that base which has secured the safety of the boat of this Muslim Nation? That relation, rock and base are the Holy Quran.”
3. Islam is a complete code of life:
While addressing the students, in March, 1944 he said,
“Our guide is Islam and this is the complete code of our life. We neither need any red or yellow flag nor do we need any Socialism. Communism, Nationalism or any other ism”
4. Elimination of differences:
On 21 March, 1948 while addressing the people in Dhaka and said,
“I want not to see you talk as a Sindhi, Balochi, Punjabi and Bengali. What is the fun of saying that we are Punjabi, Sindhi or Pathan? We are only Muslims.”
5. Need of division of India:
While addressing at Aligarh he clarified the ideology of Pakistan in these words: “What was the motive of the demand for Pakistan and a separate electorate for Muslims? What was the cause of the division of India? Its cause is neither the narrow mindedness of Hindus nor the tactics of The British but is the basic demand of Islam?”
6. National Identity of The Muslims:
In the light of the history of the subcontinent Quaid-e-Azam argued that Muslims have never been a minority. They are a perfect nation and have the right to establish an independent state in those areas where they are in majority.
7. Pakistan, A practical laboratory for Islamic system: While addressing the students of lslamia College, Peshawar on 13 January 1948 Quaid-e-Azam said,
“We did not demand Pakistan just to own a piece of land but we infact wanted to have a Laboratory for experimenting the true teachings of Islam.”
8. Protection of Muslim culture:
Addressing the army officers, in October, 1947, Mr. Jinnah said,
“Our object was to create such a state where we can live freely, our culture and civilization get flourished, and where Islamic concept of social justice can flourish exactly.”
9. Criticism of the Western Economic system:
On the eve of inaugurating the State Bank of Pakistan on 1 July 1948, the Quaid said, “The Economic system of west is creating unsolvable problems for humanity. It has failed to provide justice to the people. We are to present an economic system based on original Islamic concept equality and social justice.”
10. A Staunch supporter of the Two Nation Theory:
In his address at Ahmedabad on 29th December 1940 Quaid-e-Azam said,
“Pakistan existed from centuries. North West remained a homeland of Muslims. Independent states of Muslims should be established in these areas so that they might live according to the teachings of Islam”.
12. Separate Status of The Muslims:
in his address at Lahore on 23rd March 1940 it was clearly mentioned, “No Act or Law would be acceptable which deny the separate status of the Muslims.”
13. Demand for the Separate Homeland:
Quaid-e-Azam said in his presidential address at Lahore on 23rd March about the demand of separate homeland for the Muslims as:
“Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religions based on totally different beliefs and present different ideologies. They have different epics, different heroes and different history. Therefore, the union of two nations is fatal for the sub-continent, because it is not based on equality but on numerical minority and other as a majority. It would be better for the British government to partition the sub-continent by keeping in view the interests of the two nations. It will be a correct decision religiously and historically”.
14. Promotion of Islamic Ideology:
On 1st October 1947, while addressing the officers of the Government of Pakistan, he said,
“Their mission is the establishment of a state where they could live like free people in their own socio-cultural set up necessary for the promotion of social justice and Islamic ideology”.
15. Muslim Unity:
Quaid-e-Azam once said while clarifying the root of Muslim unity.
“What is the relation which has made Muslims a single body? What is the rock on which the structure of the Muslim Nation is standing? What is the base which has secured the safety of the boat of this Muslim Nation? That relation, rock and base are the Holy Quran.”
16. The Constitution of Pakistan
The Quaid-e-Azam while talking to an American journalist said about the making of constitution of Pakistan.
“Pakistani constitution is yet to be made but I can say for sure that it would be of a democratic type and would consist of the basic principles of Islam. These principles can be implemented in our practical life as they were 1300 years ago.”
17. Destination of Muslims
During the Congress rule from 1937 to 1939, the treatment to the Muslims convinced them of their destination. Quaid-e-Azam in clear words said:
“Britain wants to rule India, Mr Gandhi and the Congress want to rule India and the Muslims. We say that we will not let either Britain or Mr Gandhi to rule Muslims, we want to be free”
18. Strong Belief of Muslims
Quaid-e-Azam had a strong belief in achieving his goal. He said:
“We cannot be moved or diverted from our purpose and objective by threats or intimidations. We must be prepared to face all difficulties and consequences, make al the sacrifices that may be required of us to achieve the goal we have set in front of us”
19. Pakistan& United Nations
With the will of Allah, the Muslims were able to establish Pakistan. ON that occasion, on 15th August, 1947he said:
“Muslims of India have shown to the world that they are a united nation, their cause is just and righteous which cannot be denied. Let us, on this day, humbly thank God for His bounty and pray that we might be able to prove that we are worthy of it. This day marks the end of a painful phase in our national history and it should also be the beginning of a new and a noble era”.
20. National Solidarity
Quaid-e-Azam wanted to establish such a Pakistan which is strong & united from every respect. Once he said after the creation of Pakistan.
“The people who think that they will demolish Pakistan they are foolish& not in their senses. There is no power in the world who demolishes Pakistan. The roots of Pakistan are very deep & strong”
In the light of above-mentioned facts, we can easily conclude that the Quaid-e-Azam was truly aware of the basic demands of an Islamic state and he struggled for it. According to his ideas, Islam was the only base of The Ideology of Pakistan.