Sir Syed Ahmad khan services
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Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s services for the Muslim community are remarkable. He took the following major steps for the achievement of his objectives.
Causes of Indian mutiny
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (RA) wrote a book titled “Asbab-e- Baghawat-e-Hind”, especially meant for reading by the members of the British Parliament. In this book he tried to prove that the uprising of 1857 was, by no means, a war of independence, this has been just an upheaval spurred by a few trouble mongers.
He said that certain unwise policies of the British Government also paved way for the unrest that resulted in this unfortunate incident. The Muslims, generally, liked to label the 1857 events as “War of Independence”, but Sir Sayyid (RA) always called it a mutiny.
The loyal Muhammadens of Indian:
In the year 1860 Sir Sayyid (RA) launched a magazine under the title of “Loyal Muhammadans of India”. In this magazine he started highlighting the services of those Muslim nobles who had put their lives in danger to save the lives of the British officials and citizens.
Some other reconciliatory efforts:
Order to bring the British rulers and the Muslims closer to each other, Sir Sayyid (RA) wrote a number of books and tracts, most notable among these were:
Tehqiq-e-lafz-Nasara, Tobin-ul-Kalam (a commentary of the Bible) Risala-Ehkam-e-Toem-Ahle-e-Kitab,and Aligarh Institute Gazette.
Establishment of Schools
During the days of his service Sir Sayyid (RA) opened schools at different places i.e. Murad Abad (1859), Ghazipur (1862).
Establishment of the Scientific Society
Sir Sayyid (RA) launched an institution with the purpose of translating important scholarly works from English to Urdu; he gave it the name of “Scientific Society”.
Study of the British Education System
Sir Sayyid (RA) visited England in the year 1869. He made a good use of this opportunity by visiting the most prestigious of the British educational institutions. He made a deep study of the curriculum of these institutions, and on his return of India, established a committee named “Khawastgaran-e-Taraqi-e-Taleem-e-Muslmamnan-e-Hind”.
Establishment of the M.A.O School
As the first step the committee Khawastgaran-e-Taraqi-e-Taleem-e-Musaslamana-e-Hindesatablished a school at Aligarh in the year 1875 it was named, “Muhammadan Anglo Oriental School”.
Establishment of the M.A.O College
The MAO School was upgraded to the level of college in the year 1877. Viceroy Lord Lyton laid the foundation stone of the College and donated a sum of Rupees ten thousand of his own pose.
Establishment Of The Muhammadan Educational Conference
To motivate the Muslims for acquiring modern knowledge Sir Sayyid (RA) established Muhammadan Educational Conference in the year 1886. Annual meetings of the Conference were held at different important places throughout India. The Muslim League was founded in 1906, in an annual meeting of the Conference held at Dacca.
Political Services and the Two Nations Theory:
Sir Sayyid’s (RA) services in the field of politics are highly meritorious, following two are the most significant:
- As a member of the Imperial Legislative Council he took up the Indian problems very effectively with the Indian Government.
- In the year 1867 the Hindus of Benaras launched a movement to demand that Urdu should be replaced by Hindi as an official language. Sir Sayyid (RA) who was a great protagonist of Hindu-Muslim unity got utterly disappointed at this unfriendly gesture. His demand for separate electorate was a direct corollary of such Hindu overtures. He demanded the number of Muslim seats in the Viceroy’s Council should be fixed; the Hindu voters should elect Hindu members, while the Muslim members should be elected only by the Muslim voters.