Partition of Bengal and Muslim Separatism in British India

Virtual University: (Solved Assignment of Pak301) How did the cancellation of the Partition of Bengal (1911) accelerate the wave of “Muslim Separatism” in British India?

Partition of Bengal and Muslim Separatism in British India is a contested issue. Bengal was the largest province. it was an administrative issue, therefore, Lord Curzon divided Bengal into two parts East Bengal and West Bengal.

Muslim Separatism in British India

Muslims were in East Bengal and Hindus were in West Bengal. Upon the partition of Bengal, every section of the Hindu community protested against the Partition. Here are five events and the reaction of Hindus towards the partition.

Hindu reaction on Partition of Bengal

  1. Hindu press reacted strongly and condemned the partition.
  2. Day of Mourning was observed by Hindus.
  3. Hindus of West Bengal stopped foreign goods: Swadeshi Movement.
  4. The main reason of Hindu protest was they grip over the Eastern parts.
  5. Hindus furiously saying the division of motherland would not acceptable.

Hindus strong protest and violence across India compelled the British to withdraw from the partition of Bengal. In December 1911 King George 4 announced the annulment of the partition of Bengal.

These actions of Hindus towards the partition convinced the Indian Muslims to think about a separate homeland or state.

Another reason was that Indian Muslims noted British only bow down to those who created violence this feeling arose in Muslims to take action for their rights. The annulment of the partition of Bengal was a historic moment for Muslims from 0f subcontinent to awake politically and economically.

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