Indian National Congress and All India Muslim League
Indian National Congress always claimed to represent all the segments of Indian society. Indian National Congress was founded by British Civil servant and Political Scientist A.O Hume on December 28, 1885. The purpose of creating the Indian political party was to engage the Indians in the political process. India is a country with a large number of different cultures and ethnic groups. It is generally agreed upon that Congress best represents the collective will of all aspects of Indian society.
Representative of Indian society
It comprises the majority of Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, and believers of the Jain mat religious minority, in addition to all members of the lower castes of Hinduism. Indian National Congress always claimed to represent all the segments of Indian society. The leadership of Congress has ensured everyone has an equal voice in every aspect of society.
It was a formality to claim that all parts of Indian society were represented. Muslims of the Subcontinent have never reaped the same significant benefits from it as Hindus did. Muslims have been persecuted in every sphere of society by Hindus and the British, among other oppressors. They were also in the absolute majority and had been taking advantage of the opportunities the British had provided.
Why did Muslims create the All-India Muslim League?
As a direct reaction to the progress of the Indian National Congress, the Muslims of the Subcontinent realized that they needed to establish their distinct political party to represent their community adequately. This party would also serve as the Muslims’ official representative voice when dealing with the British and the rest of the world.
Muslims eventually followed the Indian National Congress, following in its footsteps. The leadership of the Muslim community concluded that they needed to begin their efforts at the grassroots level to engage the Muslim society in the same way that the Indian National Congress did.
Muslim League, a solid counterforce to National Congress
Muslims followed the footsteps of the Indian National Congress. Muslim leadership realized they must work on a grassroots level to engage the Muslim society as the Indian National Congress did. They gradually build their presence as a political counterforce to the Indian National Congress. They evolved as a party with a particular way of being cooperative and submissive to the British crown. They connected with the commoner of Muslim society. They engaged the Muslims positively and encouraged them to participate in Pakistan’s movement.